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Minor traffic offenses in Idaho are called infractions. Common infractions are speeding, not wearing a seat belt, failure to yield, and failure to signal. An infraction is not a crime but is a civil public offense for which there is a maximum penalty and for which there can be no jail time imposed.
The Supreme Court has established by court rule a fixed penalty schedule for infraction violations. The fixed penalties cannot be increased, decreased, suspended, or withheld by any court. The penalty is more in the nature of a fee, and the fixed penalty is not a criminal fine. Because an infraction is not a crime, a defendant may never be arrested for an infraction and may never be required to post bail.
Because an infraction is civil in nature, if a defendant does not appear on an infraction citation, the driver cannot be prosecuted for a misdemeanor for failure to appear. Instead, if the defendant fails to appear on an infraction citation, default judgment can be entered against the driver in the same manner as in any other civil action. Also because the infractions are civil in nature, the defendant is not entitled to a trial by jury.
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All citations can be paid in person or by mail at:Judicial Annex233 W MainJerome, ID 83338
This includes citations issued by the Ordinance and Animal Control Officers. Note, the bottom of the citation lists the date you have been cited in for. This does not include City parking tickets.
Parking tickets can be paid in person or by mail at:Jerome City Hall152 E Avenue AJerome, ID 83338
The non-emergency telephone number is 208-324-1911.
You can file a police report at the Administrative Office during normal business hours. You may also call the non-emergency number at 208-324-1911 to have an Officer dispatched to your location within with city limits of Jerome.
For misdemeanor traffic offenses, the defendant is normally required to appear in court at the county where the offense is alleged to have occurred. The location for Jerome County Court appearances is the:Jerome County Annex233 W MainJerome, ID 83338
Citations are filed by the issuing officer with the court indicated on the summons. If the defendant fails to appear in court on the date indicated on the citation, the magistrate judge can issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant. The charge is for failure to appear. When served, this warrant results in the arrest of the defendant and may lead to incarceration if the defendant is unable to post the bond set by the magistrate judge on the warrant.
The amount of bail for misdemeanor traffic offenses is set forth in the Idaho Misdemeanor Criminal Rules. A defendant entering a plea of not guilty to a misdemeanor traffic citation charge may have a trial before a judge or jury. A trial before the judge is a relatively informal procedure if the defendant is not represented by an attorney. The prosecuting attorney is representing the law enforcement agency that issued the citation.
Trial by jury always involves a prosecutor for the state, and the defendant is advised, although not required, to be represented by an attorney. Once a penalty is imposed, the defendant remains in the custody of the court until fines and court costs have been paid. If a defendant is able to pay the fine but refuses to pay, the defendant can be incarcerated in the county jail until fines and costs are satisfied at the rate of $5 per day. Many courts offer defendants the opportunity to perform community service work in lieu of payment of fines.